Pigmentation / Hyperpigmentation

Pigmentation or Hyperpigmentation refers to the condition where patches of skin become darker in colour than the normal, healthy skin surrounding it. This darkening occurs because there is an excess of melanin, which forms deposits in the skin. 4 main factors that trigger off pigmentation are

  1. Photoaging / UV Sun Exposure: Premature skin aging caused by repeated exposure to UV (sun and other artificial sources)
    • Breaks down skin repair
    • Forms pigmentation
    • Disintegrates skin texture
    • Causes skin to sag & stretch
  2. Hormonal Fluctuance: Disruption of hormone levels in our bodies can increase melanin production
    • Pregnancy, Menopause
    • Imbalanced lifestyle, including work/life stress, lack of quality rest and bad dietary habits
    • Smoking/ Excessive alcohol consumption
    • Certain medications, such as birth control pills
    • Some autoimmune and gastrointestinal diseases, metabolic disorders and vitamin deficiencies
    • Certain hormone treatments, chemotherapy drugs, antibiotics, antimalarial, anti-seizure drugs, and other medications
  3. Hereditary/ Genetics: Skin pigmentation problems are hereditary too; if your family has a history of Melasma, it is carried in your genes and you are more at risk of this skin condition.
  4. Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH): When our skin undergoes some type of trauma, such as post-acne, cuts, grazes or burns, our melanocyte cells sends melanin to the skin’s surface to protect itself, this will cause the affected area to become darker than the surrounding skin.
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